Journal Articles (All Issues)



Aijaz Ahamed Sharief 1, V. K. Sharma2

Keyword RN-Rendezvous Node, RN-Region, Deployment Region, MS-Mobile Sink, CH-Cluster Head


In wireless sensor networks, energy efficiency and optimizing energy usage play crucial roles, particularly in data transmission. Achieving a balanced distribution of energy across the network is essential to enhance the lifespan of sensor nodes and ensure data integrity during transmission. Extending the network's overall lifespan involves reducing energy consumption for long-distance transmission. The introduction of relay nodes (RN) is beneficial in facilitating data transfer from the cluster head (CH) to the main station (MS) and providing data storage capabilities. To maximize energy efficiency, the proposed protocol, known as I-EADC_RN, adopts a hybrid framework. The network area is divided into two distinct sections: the sensing region [A] and the storage region [B]. In the storage region, the nodes are known as Relay Nodes (RNs). The process of selecting Cluster Heads (CHs) involves the participation of nodes deployed in the sensing region, considering the average energy of the surrounding nodes. When the Mobile Sink (MS) approaches, the RNs transmit the data they have captured and stored to the MS. The main objective of the proposed algorithm is to optimize the network's overall lifespan by utilizing the capabilities of Relay Nodes (RNs) and Mobile Sink (MS) technologies. It effectively tackles the energy hole problem by efficiently distributing energy throughout the network. This is achieved by assigning an appropriate competition radius that ensures optimal energy utilization. Furthermore, the algorithm enhances data transmission efficiency by selecting relay nodes based on their energy expenditure during transmission and reception. By considering energy consumption, the algorithm aims to minimize the depletion of energy in subsequent relay nodes. Additionally, data loss is minimized through the utilization of data storage capabilities in the relay nodes, further enhancing the overall performance and reliability of the network.


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